A traumatic brain injury, also known as TBI for short, can have a profound and lifelong impact on an individual and their loved ones. A brain injury can cause changes both subtle and pronounced, making it difficult for a sufferer to carry on with their life as it once was. TBIs are often the result of an accident or injury to the head. According to the CDC, about 30% of all injury related deaths involve traumatic brain injuries. In 2013, approximately 2.8 million hospitalizations, emergency room visits, and deaths in the US involved TBIs.
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries
The specific causes of TBIs are varied, but all are the result of a blow to the head and the brain. They can occur from a fall, an auto accident, an assault, bicycle or pedestrian accident, sporting accident, etc. In every case, the brain injury results from a sudden or violent blow to the head, in which the brain is then pushed or knocked to the side of the skull. It can cause internal bleeding and damage to the fibers in and around brain tissue. Falls are the most common cause of TBIs for individuals aged 4 to 75, according to the CDC.
How TBIs are diagnosed
There are several important tests that doctors can perform before they diagnose a TBI. They will rank the patient’s symptoms, including the length of loss of consciousness, memory, and where they fall on the Glasgow Coma Scale. The Glasgow Coma Scale measure’s a patient’s ability to speak, move, and open their eyes. Doctors can then determine if the brain injury is mild, moderate, or severe.
Mild brain injuries
In less severe cases, TBIs can be classified as mild. If an individual loses consciousness for less than 30 minutes, it may be considered to be mild to moderate. Doctors will typically perform a CAT scan or an MRI to assess the extent of the immediate damage to the brain. However, even a mild diagnosis can leave long lasting negative impacts that are physical, emotional and mental.
Long term effects
The long term effects of traumatic brain injuries can last for the rest of an individual’s life. They can have a serious impact on their quality of life and their ability to function normally. These effects can include:
· Short and long term memory loss
· Irritability, mood swings, and angry outbursts
· Partial paralysis
· Increased risk of stroke
The severity of these dramatic changes can have a devastating impact on a person. They can struggle in their personal and professional lives. They may find it difficult to maintain a normal lifestyle, hold a job, and continue to have typical social interactions. It can leave them feeling frustrated and lonely.
It isn’t only the injured individual who suffers the effects of a traumatic brain injury. Their families and friends often struggle with the long term complications, as well. It can be difficult to handle the changes in personality, as well as the necessary lifestyle changes that some TBI sufferers face. Many TBI sufferers and their loved ones simply have to take recovery day by day, and recognize that the symptoms and various changes may be permanent.
If you or a loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury, contact the traumatic brain injury attorneys at the Massachusetts offices of Mazow | McCullough, PC, today at (800) 693-9074. A TBI can have lifelong repercussions, and it is important to seek the root cause of the injury as soon as possible. Mazow | McCullough, PC’s experience in handling these sensitive and difficult cases has led to substantial recoveries for our clients. We have the knowledge to prove the effects of a TBI and to show the cause of the injury was related to the negligence of another.